Another Internet Architectural Guideline

The Connectivist

Another reason for the huge success of Internet and its applications is the following Architectural Guideline:

Avoid vertical integration of network functions as much as possible, since that would introduce dependencies (which suppliers might like to keep out competitors) and obstacles to further growth and changes”. Stay free to choose better components later and interchange parts of the structure without too much influence on the rest. During actual use the vertical components on different layers are connected.

When you drive a car the rubber of your tires meets the road. The road allows many different types of cars now and in the future. Only with a horizontally layered architecture, where the layers (grouped into levels) are agnostic of each other, is is possible to cope with sustained renewal of components with different timescales and lifecycles of innovations and improvements. For example making more lanes on the road has a…

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The Internet has its 30th Birthday, Hip Hip

The Connectivist

Foto Internet 2013-03-13 om 19.04.02


The MOTOR of our Society = INTERCONNECTION, and one of its main components and facilitators for that, is the worldwide “Internet”, which is getting more important every day.

Internet World

Its birth is fixed by several sources around 1983 *), although its fathers and mothers are many, (like every success has). Those who established its preconditions can be traced back to the late 60’s: Paul Baran, Louis Pouzin, Donald W. Davies and Derek L.A. Barber, Leonard Kleinrock. They where designing and building the first computer-networks. Now 30 years later the “Network of Networks” has about 2.5 billion very active users. The following chart shows how many percent of the total of users each country has, against time.


The Internet has been and will be a spectacular success, and its growth is still viral ((exponential growth in numbers of nodes, addresses, traffic and teledensities of users; the sustained doubling time W [internet]…

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Global Unionism: The Peer-to-Peer Model | New Unionism Network


Social Network Unionism


draft3The transnationalisation of production, along with the rise of global supply chains, informalisation, financialisation, and connecting of world markets through informationalisation have all hit hard on workers. It seems to have become impossible to overcome the resulting divisions among working classes, who have been so radically abused by capital. These new structural forces have created an immense need for connected self-organisations of workers, built from the bottom up, and operating simultaneously at local, national and international levels. This article argues for a new global unionism that goes beyond the IWW experience and allows workers to connect local, national, regional and international struggles by aligning with other struggles in life.

distributed_networkPeter Waterman calls this model “Social Movement Unionism”[1]. In order to develop enough strength to turn the tide globally, we need to redistribute power to the nodes involved in collective subjectivity and action. This cannot happen without dismantling the giant hierarchies…

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